一、get in/get on 搭乘
同義詞  get in = enter get on = board
反義詞  get in  get out of 下來
     get on get off 下來
1. It’s easiest to get in the car from the driver’s side. The door on the other side doesn’t work well.
從駕駛座那一側上車最容易。另外一邊的門不好開。
2. I always get on the bus to work at 34th Street.
我都是在第三十四街搭公車去上班。
用法 Usage
get in 用於搭乘小型交通工具 如:car(汽車)、taxi(計程車)或 van廂型車)等;若是指搭乘沈車以外的交通工具,例如:bus(公車)ship 船 或 airplane(飛機)等,則用get on。Get on後面可不接受詞,on當副詞用。 

二、get out of/get off (從交通工具)下來
同義詞 get out of = leave get off = leave, alight, descend from
1. Why don’t we stop and get out of the car for a while?
我們何不暫時停車,下車一會兒呢?
2. Helen got off the train at the 42nd Street terminal.
海倫在電車終點站第四十二街下車。
用法 Usage
get out of 用於小型乘車類交通工具;get off用於大型交通工具,例如:bus(公車),rain(火車),ship(船),airplane(飛機)等。Get off 後面可不接受詞,off 當副詞用。

三、put on 穿戴(通常指衣服)
同義詞 have on
相關語 wear, be dressed in, dress oneself in 穿著
1. Mary put on her coat and left the room.
瑪麗穿上外套後離開房間。
2. Put your hat on before you leave the house.
在你出門前把帽子戴上。
用法Usage
put on 是指動態的,本來沒穿,現在才要穿上;而相關字中 wear,be dressed in, dress oneself in 是靜態的,指目前已經穿在身上了。此為可分開片語動詞。 

四、take off脫下(通常指衣服)
同義詞 remove
1. John took off his jacket as he entered the office.
約翰進了辦公室就脫掉夾克。
2. Take your sweater off. The room is very warm.
把你的毛衣脫掉。房間暖和得很。
用法 Usage
take on 為可分開片語動詞,可用take ~ off 形式。 

五、call up 打電話
同義詞 call sb, make a call to sb, phone sb, give sb a call, give sb a ring , ring sb up
1. I forgot to call up Mr. Jones yesterday. I’d better call him now.
我昨天忘了打電話給瓊斯先生。我最好現在打給他。
2. Call me up tomorrow, Jane. We’ll arrange a time to have lunch together.
珍,明天打個電話給我,我們安排個時間一塊兒吃中飯。
3. I promise to give you a call as soon as I arrive in New York.
我答應一到紐約會立刻打電話給你。
用法 Usage
可分開片語動詞,可用call ~ up 形式。
 
六、turn on 打開(指打開電源或水龍頭)
同義詞 switch on, start
相關語 turn up 將音量調高;turn down 將音量調低
1. Please turn on the light; it’s too dark in here.
請打開燈,這裡太暗了。
2. Do you know who turned the air conditioning on?
你知道是誰把冷氣打開的嗎?
用法 Usage
turn on 常用於打開電器、自來水、瓦斯等,為可分開片語動詞。 

七、turn off 關掉(指關掉電源或水龍頭)
同義詞 stop, switch off, shut off
1. Please turn off the light when you leave the room.
離開房間時請關燈。
2. Are you really listening to the radio, or should I turn it off?
你真的有在聽廣播嗎?還該關掉它? 

八、right away 馬上
同義詞 immediately, instantly, at once, very soon, in no time, right off the bat
1. Dad says that dinner will be ready right away, so we’d better wash our hands and set the table.
爸爸說晚餐很快就好了,我們最好把手洗一洗並將餐具放好。
2. Tell Will to come to my off ice right away. I must see him immediately.
叫威爾立刻到我的辦公室來。我必須馬上見他。
3. Stop playing that loud music at once!
立刻停止演奏那吵雜的音樂!
用法 Usage
若表示「現在立刻」的意思,亦可用right now。

九、pick up (1)撿起;(2)接人
同義詞 (1)lift up (2)give sb alift
1. Harry picked up the newspaper that was on the front doorstep.
哈利撿起了前門樓梯上的報紙。
2. Could you pick your toy up before someone falls over it?
趁還沒人絆倒前,把你的玩具撿起來好嗎?
用法 Usage
特別指用手指去拿。為可分開片語動詞,可用pick~up 形式。

十、sooner or later 遲早
同義詞 eventually
1. If you study English seriously, sooner or later you’ll become fluent.
如果你認真地學英語,總有一天你的英語會變得很流利。
2. I’m too tired to do my homework now; I’m sure I’ll do it sooner or later.
我現在太累了沒辦法做功課,不過我有把握遲早會把它做完。

十一、get up 起床
同義詞 arise, get out of bed
相關語 get up (rise)with the chicken 聞雞起舞
go to bed with the chicken 早睡
1. Carla gets up at seven o’clock every morning.
卡拉每天早上七點鐘起床。
2. At what time should we get the children up tomorrow?
明天我們要幾點鐘叫孩子們起床?
用法 Usage
可分開片語動詞,可用get ~ up 形式。

十二、at first 起初
同義詞 in the beginning, at the start, originally
1. At first English was difficult for him, but later he made great progress.
剛開始英文對他來說很難,後來他卻進步神速。
2. I thought at first that it was Sheila calling, but then I realized that it was Betty.
起初我還以為席拉打來的,但很快發現原來是貝蒂。


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